The Major Areas of Biotechnology are ones that you should consider entering if you have an interest in science and a desire to make the world a better place. Many modern scientists develop solutions to problems involving the environment, food production, and human health.
The treatment of various diseases, as well as other pressing real-world issues, through the use of technology to influence biological systems, processes, and organisms. This is one way that technology can influence biological research. Biotechnology has a tremendous breadth of scientific applications that go across a variety of business sectors.
There are quite a number of distinct subfields that fall under the umbrella of Major Areas of Biotechnology. These subfields are distinguished from one another by the usage of distinct terminology, which is most readily seen in the form of distinctive coloration. The vast majority of the ones that are used often will be discussed in this section.
To begin, there is red biotechnology that is used for therapeutic purposes, such as the discovery of genetic treatments via the process of genomic alteration and the production of organisms that are capable of producing antibiotics.
Here are the 5 Major Areas of Biotechnology;
1. Red Biotechnology
The term “Medical Biotechnology” refers to what is known as red biotechnology. It is used in the process of pharmaceutical medication and antibiotic medicine synthesis. It is also useful in the process of creating or designing organisms. It is possible to treat genetic disorders that are present in organisms by using a technique called genetic modification.
Additionally the Major Areas of Biotechnology, it is useful in the investigation of illnesses seen in organisms. In addition to this, the carrying out of tests contributes to the development of novel diagnostic procedures. Stem cell treatment not only promotes the growth of organs but also repairs and restores damaged tissues in organisms, hence curing a variety of diseases.
2. White Biotechnology
White biotechnology is also known by the term “industry biotechnology,” which is another name for it. This kind of biotechnology is used and put to use in a variety of commercial settings. In addition to its many other applications, Major Areas of Biotechnology are currently being put to use in the creation of biopolymer (plastics) substitutes.
A new invention of vehicle parts and fuels for vehicles, an invention of fibers for the textile industry, and is also involved in the process of developing new chemicals and the production process.
3. Blue Biotechnology
This subfield of Major Areas of Biotechnology contributes to the management of marine species as well as organisms found in water. It is a process that is related to the environment that is found in marine or underwater environments. The use of this biotechnology is quite uncommon. The use of blue biotechnology helps to shield marine life from the potentially lethal effects of undersea pathogens.
4. Bio Informatics
Computer science and biological research come together in the field of bioinformatics. It is useful in locating analyses of data relating to Major Areas of Biotechnology. It finds use in a variety of fields, including the pharmaceutical industry and the research and development of new treatments. In addition to this, it may be used to increase the fertility of crops and plants, as well as provide protection against diseases, pests, and drought.
The field of study that is now often referred to as computational biology was once known as bioinformatics. In fields like functional genomics, structural genomics, and proteomics, it is an essential component of the research process. These domains provide a significant contribution to the Major Areas of Biotechnology and pharmaceuticals, becoming essential contributors in the process.
5. Green Biotechnology
The phrase “green biotechnology” is typically reserved for the realm of agriculture. With the assistance of a method known as micropropagation, which is the process of increasing the number of plants that may be grown from a given stock of plants, it is possible to pick the plants and crops that are of the highest possible quality.
Additionally, Major Areas of Biotechnology with the assistance of transgenic plants, which are plants whose DNA has been transformed, this design of transgenic plants permit plants to flourish in a certain environment with the assistance of particular chemicals.
Biotechnology is one of the few sectors that have leveraged technology and created a niche that has the potential to grow bigger in the days to come. If you also want to pursue a career in biotechnology, we hope this blog with 5 major areas of biotechnology would be of some help!